The mission of CTE in Virginia is to provide educational strategies for engaging students in meaningful learning that connects to their personal interests, helps develop their understanding of the global economy that lies ahead, and deepens their understanding of how academic skills and knowledge are applied in their further education and careers:

  • transition smoothly from middle to high school to postsecondary learning through the use of academic and career plans and career clusters/pathways; 
  • enroll in CTE programs that reflect the needs and practices of the business community through strong partnerships between education and employment sectors; 
  • experience significant and relevant learning -- that connects rigorous academic content to the real-world application of such knowledge and skills; 
  • increase their motivation and desire to achieve by engaging with career-themed programs and career development; 
  • prepare for success in the global economy of the 21st century through sustained high school improvement using career-themed programs; 
  • be college and career ready with career-credentialing systems fully implemented; and 
  • encounter excellence in teaching and leadership.

The vision is to make CTE an integral middle and high school enrichment strategy that will engage students in rigorous and relevant learning, and help students develop personal goals and skills needed to pursue for college and career readiness in the 21st century.


On the postsecondary level, the Virginia Community College System (VCCS) envisions postsecondary CTE programs to meet the vision and definition of career pathways in Virginia as established in Bridging Business and Education for the 21st Century Workforce: A Strategic Plan for Virginia's Career Pathways System. In line with the elements of career pathways as presented in that document, the VCCS strives to ensure that postsecondary CTE programs provide employers with a connection to a skilled workforce and provide Virginia residents with education and training to develop and adapt their skills to a changing economy.

CTE Delivery: 

CTE is offered through the following institutions:

  • Comprehensive high schools
  • Governor's academies
  • Community colleges
Secondary Indicators: 
Secondary Indicators2015-162016-17
Academic Skills - Reading/Language ArtsYesYes
Academic Skills - MathematicsYesYes
Technical Skill AttainmentYesYes
School CompletionYesYes
Student Graduation RatesYesYes
Nontraditional ParticipationYesYes
Nontraditional CompletionYesYes
Postsecondary Indicators: 
Postsecondary Indicators 2015-162016-17
Technical Skill AttainmentYesYes
Credential, Certificate or DegreeYesYes
Student Retention or TransferYesYes
Student PlacementYesYes
Nontraditional ParticipationNoYes
Nontraditional CompletionNoYes
Perkins Funding: 
YearFY 2018FY 2019
Total Perkins Funds Received$26,747,826$28,310,494
Percentage of local funds distributed to Secondary85%
Percentage of local funds distributed to Postsecondary15%
Career Clusters: 

Virginia organizes its secondary CTE programs into the 16 Career Clusters® based on state workforce requirements:

  • Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Career Cluster
  • Architecture & Construction Career Cluster
  • Arts, A/V Technology & Communications Career Cluster
  • Business Management & Administration Career Cluster
  • Education & Training Career Cluster
  • Finance Career Cluster
  • Government & Public Administration Career Cluster
  • Health Science Career Cluster
  • Hospitality & Tourism Career Cluster
  • Human Services Career Cluster
  • Information Technology Career Cluster
  • Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security Career Cluster
  • Manufacturing Career Cluster
  • Marketing Career Cluster
  • Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics Career Cluster
  • Transportation, Distribution & Logistics Career Cluster
Programs of Study: 

Virginia offers programs of study in all 16 of the Career Clusters.

Perkins Eligible Agency: 

Virginia Department of Education

State Director: 

George Willcox
State Director of Career, Technical and Adult Education
Virginia Department of Education
101 North 14th Street
Richmond, VA 23219

Secondary to Postsecondary Transition & Alignment: 

Virginia offers dual enrollment, concurrent/transcripted credit to ease the transition from secondary to postsecondary. The state provides joint guidance to high schools and community colleges on developing dual enrollment opportunities.

In addition, Virginia offers Commonwealth College Course Collaborative and Early College Scholars Program. Career Coaches is a successful transition program, as well as Apprentice Related Instruction, which allows for and provides articulation of secondary level CTE and postsecondary level apprenticeship programs, including those administered by community colleges which afford apprentices a community college degree.

Resources & Data: 

See here for an explanation of the data used for state profiles.